Hippocrates was a Greek physician born in 460 BC on the island of Cos, Greece. He became
known as the founder of medicine and was regarded as the greatest physician of his time.
He based his medical practice on observations and on the study of the human body. He held
the belief that illness had a physical and a rational explanation. He rejected the views of his
time that considered illness to be caused by superstitions and by possession of evil spirits
and disfavor of the gods.

Hippocrates held the belief that the body must be treated as a whole and not just a series of
parts. He accurately described disease symptoms and was the first physician to accurately
describe the symptoms of pneumonia, as well as epilepsy in children. He believed in the
natural healing process of rest, a good diet, fresh air and cleanliness. He noted that there
were individual differences in the severity of disease symptoms and that some individuals
were better able to cope with their disease and illness than others. He was also the first
physician that held the belief that thoughts, ideas, and feelings come from the brain and not
the heart as others of his time believed.

Hippocrates traveled throughout Greece practicing his medicine. He founded a medical
school on the island of Cos, Greece and began teaching his ideas. He soon developed an
Oath of Medical Ethics for physicians to follow. This Oath is taken by physicians today as
they begin their medical practice. He died in 377 BC.
Today Hippocrates is known
as the "Father of Medicine".
Josephine Delvey